For more information

1. Finno CJ, Valberg SJ, Wünschmann A, Murphy MJ. Seasonal pasture myopathy in horses in the midwestern United States: 14 cases (1998-2005). J Am Vet Med Assoc. 2006 Oct 1;229(7):1134-41. Click here for article

2. Finno CJ, Spier SJ. Prevention and treatment of equine atypical myopathy- an acute, highly fatal disease of unknown etiology. Vet J. 2008 Nov;178(2):163-4. Click here for article

3. Cassart D, Baise E, Cherel Y, et al.Morphological alterations in oxidative muscles and mitochondrial structure associated with equine atypical myopathy. Equine Vet J. 2007 Jan;39(1):26-32.

4. Van Galen G, Amory H, Busschers E, Cassart D, et al European outbreak of atypical myopathy in the autumn 2009. J Vet Emerg Crit Care (San Antonio). 2010 Oct;20(5):528-32

5. van der Kolk JH, Wijnberg ID, Westermann CM, Dorland L, et al Equine acquired multiple acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency (MADD) in 14 horses associated with ingestion of Maple leaves (Acer pseudoplatanus) covered with European tar spot (Rhytisma acerinum). Mol Genet Metab. 2010 Oct-Nov;101(2-3):289-91.

6. Unger-Torroledo L, Straub R, Lehmann AD, Graber F, et al Lethal toxin of Clostridium sordellii is associated with fatal equine atypical myopathy. Vet Microbiol. 2010 Aug 26;144(3-4):487-92.

7. Votion D, van Galen G, Marr CM.Equine atypical myopathy. Vet Rec. 2009 Nov 14;165(20):605.

8. Westermann CM, Dorland L, Votion DM, de Sain-van der Velden MG, et al Acquired multiple Acyl-CoA dehydrogenase deficiency in 10 horses with atypical myopathy. Neuromuscul Disord. 2008 May;18(5):355-64.

9. Votion DM, Linden A, Delguste C, Amory H, et al Atypical myopathy in grazing horses: a first exploratory data analysis. Vet J. 2009 Apr;180(1):77-87.

10. Votion DM, Serteyn D.Equine atypical myopathy: a review. Vet J. 2008 Nov;178(2):185-90.

11. Votion DM, Linden A, Saegerman C, Engels P, Erpicum M, et al History and clinical features of atypical myopathy in horses in Belgium (2000-2005). J Vet Intern Med. 2007 Nov-Dec;21(6):1380-91.

12. The European site for a very similar if not identical condition atypical myopathy can be found at